A physical quantity is a property of an object that can be measured with a measuring instrument.For example length, width, time, weight, etc.
It is important for you to be able to say which instrument is used to measure which physical quantity.The table below shows a few examples of physical quantities and the instruments used to measure them.
Physical quantity Instrument
Length Metre rule
Volume Measuring cylinder
Of course as we go through the different chapters we will be able to introduce more physical quantities and their measuring instruments.
Basic and derived quantities
Quantities can be divided into two types :
1. Base quantities
2. Derived quantities
Basic quantities are the fundamental quantities that are not related to each other and that are use to derive all other quantities.
There are seven basic quantities. They are
4. Thermodynamic temperature
5. electric current
6. amount of substance
7. luminous intensity
Derived quantities are just quantities that are derived from one or more basic quantities.
For example area is a derived quantity because it is derived from the basic quantity length.
Area = length * length
Volume is a derived quantities because it is derived from the basic quantity length.
volume = length * length * length
density is a derived quantity because it is derived from length and mass, two basic quantities.
density = mass/(length * length * length)
As you can see all other quantities apart from the 7 basic quantities are derived from the seven basic quantities and it can easily be shown as in the example above.
Can you show what are the basic quantities that are used to derive the following derived quantities?
b) kinetic energy
I would give the answer after a few of you would have give your answers.
Good luck and see you next time.